The work of the Hmong Resource Center is to provide information to Hmong and non-Hmong for the purpose of
promoting positive race relations, human rights, multicultural education, cross-cultural health and medicine,
teacher education, family literacy education and community-based research

The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9
AM – 6 PM. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University
Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Online Resource
Center Catalog: or


Theses and Books

Chang, John Paokong and Jerry Rosiek. (2003). “Anti-Colonialist Antinomies in a Biology Lesson: A Case Study of
Cultural Conflict in a Science Classroom.” Curriculum Inquiry 33 (3), 251-290. This case study illustrates and
analyzes the tension a Hmong-origin ESL science teacher encountered when his science curriculum came into
conflict with the religious and cosmological beliefs of one of his Hmong immigrant students. The teacher believes
the science he is teaching is important for all his students to learn. He also understands how his science
curriculum can be one part of an array of cultural forces that are adversely affecting the Hmong community. This
study explores the knowledge the teacher draws upon to respond to this tension in a constructive manner. The
case study concludes that teachers need some knowledge of the history of students’ specific cultural groups in
order to teach science well to all students.

Sandage, Steven J., Hill, Peter C., and Henry C. Vang. (2003). “Toward a Multicultural Positive Psychology:
Indigenous Forgiveness and Hmong Culture.” The Counseling Psychologist 31(5): 564-592. In this article,
researchers from Bethel Seminary consider the meaning of virtue in psychology and then focus on the culturally
embedded nature of forgiveness as a virtue. They illustrate the value of an indigenous psychology approach by
describing some of the dynamics related to conflict resolution and forgiveness in traditional Hmong culture. They
then consider ways forgiveness research and intervention might need to be contextualized with Hmong Americans.

Wong, Chau Ying. (2003). Participation and Empowerment: An Ethnography of Miao Women in Rural China. PhD
Thesis, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. This work consists of an ethnographic study of Miao
(Hmong) women’s experiences of `participatory development’ and `self-empowerment’ in organizing a women’s
center in a community located in Guizhou Province in China. By giving the stories of several active participants
and connecting their life experiences with participatory experiences, the researcher analyzes how the women
learned to articulate their needs, resist oppression, and nurture power in the process of self-empowerment.


Recent visitors to the Resource Center have included:

25 8th grade students and teaching staff from the Blake School in Hopkins, MN. This visiting group received a tour
of the Resource Center and participated in an educational activity in which they received an introduction to Hmong
history and culture.

Richard Podvin from the Wilder Foundation Social Adjustment Program for Southeast Asians. Richard used the
Resource Center’s census information center for research related to the demographics of the Hmong community
in Minnesota.

Guo Wu, a PhD Candidate in the Department of History at the State University of New York at Albany. Guo used
the Hmong Resource Center's collections to research Hmong history and Hmong cultural practices in Southwest
China. Mr. Wu's PhD Dissertation at SUNY-Albany is focused upon the Hmong response to Christian missionaries
in the Guizhou province town of Shimenkan in the 1870-1950 period. Among the range of issues he is
investigating in his research are the ways Christianity was received by local Hmong in the town, how Christianity
was reconciled with Hmong Shamanism and folk beliefs, and how Hmong who chose to convert redefined their
identity as Christians.

Educational orientation activity sessions related to Hmong-related resources and Hmong history and culture are
available for interested groups. To schedule a group visit, please call the Hmong Cultural Center at 651-917-9937.


The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center announces the availability of a unique resource at its
offices that will be of interest to researchers, service professionals and community members looking for
socioeconomic and demographic census data pertaining to the Southeast Asian community. The Southeast Asian
American Census Depository provides quick access to researchers of population, socioeconomic, education, and
demographic 2000 census data for Hmong, Cambodians, Lao and Vietnamese in Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Minneapolis, St. Paul, suburban communities, the entire Twin Cities metropolitan area and the U.S. as a whole.

Data available in the census depository include Labor Force Status, Occupational and Industry Distribution,
Median Household Income, Median Family Income, Poverty Status, Educational Attainment, Age Distribution,
Homeownership and Income Distribution. Data breakdowns for most of these variables are also available by
gender and special tabulations may be requested by visitors for more finite geographic areas including Twin Cities
neighborhood census tracts. The Census Depository will be of use to proposal writers, policy analysts, scholars,
students, and others who need detailed information about the demographic and socioeconomic distributions of
Hmong, Cambodians, Lao and Vietnamese in the Twin Cities metropolitan area and elsewhere.

The Census Depository has been developed to support a project between the Hmong Resource Center in St. Paul
and Hmong National Development in Washington D.C. along with Hmong scholars across the U.S. to study Hmong
progress in different regions of the United States using 2000 census data. This project will be the first detailed
assessment of Hmong socioeconomic status, educational progress and demography across the regions of the
United States using 2000 census data. The results will be useful to service providers, the academic community,
the philanthropic community and policymakers.


Hmong Cultural Center recently started a Paj Ntaub (Hmong Story Blanket) Cultural Mentorship program providing
small group instruction in traditional Hmong embroidery to children and youth. This is the only program of its kind
currently offered in the Hmong community of the Twin Cities. Enrollment is ongoing for the program. The instructor
is Ms. Kor Xiong. The program runs Monday and Tuesday afternoons from 4 to 6 PM at the cultural center. Please
call TxongPao Lee or Mark Pfeifer at 651-917-9937 for more information.

Looking for some traditional Hmong culture to enliven your community event this Fall or Winter? The Hmong
Cultural Center’s Qeej (Traditional Hmong Music) Troupe is available to perform for a fee. Persons interested in
scheduling performances may call Meng Vang at 651-917-9937.

The Hmong Cultural Center’s Youth Arts Programs are supported by grants from the McKnight Foundation, the
Best Buy Children’s Foundation, the Grotto Foundation, the Metropolitan Regional Arts Council and the
COMPAS/Medtronic Community Arts Program. Operating grants from the Saint Paul Companies Inc. Foundation
and the General Mills Foundation also help to support the youth programs.


Hmong Cultural Center is pleased to welcome its new Citizenship teacher, Mr. Thai Vang to its staff.

Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-related
information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The citizenship section of
the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100 sample citizenship exam
questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also provided about eligibility and
requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

Hmong Cultural Center is a member of the federal and state funded Saint Paul Community Literacy Consortium


Funding supporters of the Hmong Resource Center include the New York and Vermont-based Freeman
Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the 3M Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK
Foundation, the Minnesota Humanities Commission in partnership with the Minnesota State Legislature and the
National Endowment for the Humanities as well as the MAP for Nonprofit’s Technology Partnership Fund
supported by the Saint Paul Companies, Inc. Foundation and the ADC Foundation.