Located in St. Paul, MN, the Hmong Cultural Center’s Resource Centre is one of the most comprehensive
centralized collections and lending libraries of Hmong-related books, PhD dissertations, indexed articles and
Hmong language literature in the United States. The collection also includes several exhibits of Hmong
cultural artifacts.

The Hmong Resource Centre of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday
from 10 AM – 6 PM. Most of the items in the Resource Centre may be checked out with a photo i.d. for a
period of one week. A photocopier is also available on site.

The Hmong Resource Centre is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University Avenue,
Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Website: www.


Recent Resource Centre visitors have included:

Rumi Miyawaki, a Master’s Student at Hiroshima University in Japan. Ms. Miyawaki is conducting thesis
research in Minnesota about Hmong Paj Ntaub (Story blankets).

Chieko Kitagawa Otsuru, a Law Professor from Kansai University in Osaka, Japan. Professor Otsuru is
studying Hmong-American involvement in electoral politics.

Educational orientation activity sessions related to Hmong-related resources and Hmong history and culture
are available for interested groups. To schedule a group visit, please call the Hmong Cultural Center at 651-


With the dual goals of promoting scholarship in Hmong Studies and facilitating broader access to its unique
collections, the Resource Centre will be providing travel grants to four (4) students/scholars for the purpose
of conducting research using the Resource Centre’s extensive collections of Hmong-related books, PhD
dissertations, MA Theses, academic and newspaper articles as well as Hmong language literature related to
Hmong culture and history.Two (2) travel grants of $300 to visit the Resource Centre will be provided to
students/scholars who reside greater than 500 miles from Saint Paul, MN. In addition, Two (2) travel grants of
$150 to visit the Resource Centre will be made to Students/Scholars residing more than 100 miles from St.
Paul in the Midwest region in such states as Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, or Iowa. The grants will be made for
travel to visit the Resource Centre prior to Dec. 31, 2002. Selected grant recipients will receive the travel
grants following the presentation of travel receipts after their arrival in St. Paul, MN for research at the
Resource Centre.

Applicants must provide the following: a 500 word research proposal statement about how the Hmong
Resource Centre collection would be useful for their research, a letter of support from a professor at their
university of study/research as well as a curriculum vitae or resume. It is suggested that travel grant
applicants visit the Resource Centre collection catalog on the Hmong Cultural Center website (www. and provide examples in their research proposal statements of specific books and
materials in the collections that would be useful for their research projects.

Applications should be mailed to Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, Director, Hmong Resource Centre, Hmong Cultural
Center, 995 University Avenue, Suite 214 Saint Paul, MN 55104 for consideration. For further information
please call 651-917-9937 or e-mail


The Hmong Cultural Center and the Resource Centre will co-sponsor an event celebrating the successful
completion of the Hmong Translation Initiative at the Minnesota Humanities Commission (987 East Ivy
Avenue in St. Paul) on Thursday, September 26 from 10 AM to 12 Noon. At this event, Professor Dia Cha will
read from her newly translated book Dia’s Story Cloth and copies of all of the 17 children’s storybooks
translated from English into White and Green Hmong as part of the Initiative will be available. The event will
also include a presentation from Senator Mee Moua and a Hmong dance performance from Phalen Lake
Elementary School students.

The Hmong Resource Centre has partnered with the Minnesota Humanities Commission to make all of the
translation series books accessible to the community as part of the Resource Centre’s collections. Please
contact Tom Fitzpatrick at the Minnesota Humanities Commission (651-772-4255) for further information
about this event.


Professor Catherine Falk from the School of Music at the University of Melbourne has submitted to us an
inquiry related to an issue that has arisen from her research on the Qeej musical instrument and its role in
Hmong culture.

Professor Falk is the author of several articles related to Hmong music and the Hmong funeral ceremony.
She is looking for information about the significance or meaning of birds that often appear in drawings of
Hmong Qeej music players. Anyone who has some knowledge about this topic may submit the information to
Mark Pfeifer at and it will be passed along to Professor Falk.


The Hmong Cultural Center would like to extend a warm welcome to several new members of its Board of

Dr. Gale Mason-Chagil – Adjunct Professor at Metropolitan State University and Proprietor of Cultural Inquiry
Consulting: Research and Evaluation

Neal Cheng X. Thao – Saint Paul Public Schools Board Member

Dao Xiong – Southeast Asian Parent Advisor, Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights, PACER
Center, Minneapolis


Books and Dissertations

Erik Cohen. (2000). The Commercialized Crafts of Thailand: Hill Tribes and Lowland Villages. Honolulu:
University of Hawaii. 316 pages. This volume contains several articles related to the impact of
commercialization upon traditional textiles among the Hmong, the Mien, and other minority groups in
Thailand. Individual chapters discuss the impact of international politics upon the transformation of folk crafts
among the Hmong populations in Thailand and Laos, the dynamics of Hmong and Mien commercialized arts
in Thailand, the status of the Hmong Cross as a cosmic symbol in Hmong textile designs, Hmong
commercialized refugee art from Thailand, temporal ambiguity in Hmong representational textile art, and the
‘boutiquisation’ (transformation to pop fashion) of Hmong, Mien, and Karen textiles produced in Northern

Stephen Mansfield. (2000). Lao Hill Tribes: Traditions and Patterns of Existence. London: Oxford University
Press. 120 pages. This work discusses the history, migrations, ethno-cultural definitions, geographic
patterns of residence, socio-economy, customs and beliefs as well as the clothing and tools of several
minority groups residing in Laos including the Hmong, the Lao Theung, the Lao Sung, the Mien, the Kaw, the
Khamu and the Tai. The volume also includes numerous photographs as well as maps identifying the
geographic distributions of these respective ethnic populations throughout Laos.

Darlene J. Lamker. (2000). Hmong Proaction Research Project: Effective Interventions and Methods of
Instruction to Develop Reading Comprehension Skills for Hmong Students. MA Thesis, Hamline University.
Based on research in the Minneapolis Public Schools, this MA study provides a detailed assessment of
several different methods for improving the reading comprehension of Hmong-origin K-6 students.

Jeffrey Theune. (1999). Hmong Youth and Gangs: One Teacher’s Response to Violence. MA Thesis,
Hamline University. This MA thesis compiled from research by a middle school teacher in Saint Paul,
Minnesota provides information related to the history of Hmong gangs, the general types of Hmong gangs,
Hmong female gangs, struggles and challenges facing Hmong children and youth, explanations of why
Hmong youth join gangs, and ways in which Hmong youth can be helped to stay out of or leave gangs. The
concluding chapter provides a detailed set of suggestions for schools and educators to help Hmong youth
effectively confront the challenges they face and avoid gangs.

Lizabeth Marshall. (1997). Literacy in the Hmong Preschool Classroom. MA Thesis, Hamline University. This
MA work based upon research with Hmong families in Saint Paul, Minnesota identifies a number of ways in
which early literacy may be promoted Hmong-origin preschool children.

Toupheng Chongneng Lee. (1995). A Polemic in Defense of Hmong Veterans. MA Thesis, Hamline
University. This MA work is intended to establish the historical legitimacy of Hmong veterans to receive
American citizenship and full veterans status and proposes a policy agenda for the establishment of
American veterans’ benefits for Hmong veterans. The opening chapters of the volume discuss Hmong
military history and provide information related to the early origins of the Hmong armed forces, the Hmong
Army of the San Hmong Nation, traditional Hmong weapons of war, the role of the Hmong military delegation
in Chinese history, lost Hmong military arts, Hmong military drums, the role of the military shaman and military
Qeej (music) in Hmong history, Hmong national flags, Hmong women warriors throughout history, and the
armed forces of Hmong Pa Chay nationalism in Vietnam and Laos in the early 20th century. The latter half of
the volume comprehensively documents the role of Hmong soldiers in the Vietnam War and makes a case for
the extension of American veterans’s benefits to Hmong veterans.

Kathleen Marohn Brown. (1995). Journeys….The Stories of Hmong Women: Implications for Parent
Education Programs. MA Thesis, Hamline University. This thesis was compiled from research conducted in
Saint Paul, Minnesota. The author uses information gathered from qualitative interviews with Hmong women
to posit curriculum and methodological suggestions for parent educators who work with Hmong populations.

Sandra E. Hall. (1994). Dispute Settlement Procedures Among the Hmong: Melody and Improvisation. MA
Thesis, Hamline University. The author of this study uses 20 ethnographic case studies of Hmong family
dispute settlement situations to construct a typology of the respective roles of family members, the clan, and
others in resolving areas of contention between Hmong families and individuals. Particular attention is given
to methods of coercion and punishment, the inclusion or lack of inclusion of non-family members and the
impact of American society on traditional methods of dispute settlement.

Saib Looj Mem Txwv Cag//Wind and Water: What is Feng Shui? Readings about Feng Shui (siting within the
natural environment) newly compiled by the Hmong Cultural Center’s Cultural Consultant/Cultural Specialist
Tougeu Leepalao.

Academic Articles

Pranee Liamputtong (2002). “Gender, Sexuality, and Marriage among Hmong Youth in Australia.” From
Coming of Age in South and Southeast Asia: Youth, Courtship and Sexuality, eds. L. Manderson and P.
Liamputtong. Richmond, British Columbia, Canada: Curzon, pp. 249-265. This recently published article
discusses female status, courtship, marriage, and motherhood among young Hmong adults living in
Melbourne, Australia. The author contrasts traditional Hmong beliefs and practices with those observed in
the context of the new environment resulting from social and cultural changes that have influenced the
Hmong-origin population since their settlement in Australia.


Paj Xyooj Lwv Nrog 5 Tug Kws Laus, Parts 1 and 2. Hmong language videos featuring traditional Hmong folk


The Hmong Cultural Center’s Citizenship and Functional English Program is a member of the Saint Paul
Community Literacy Consortium (SPCLC). The cultural center has also recently received a grant from the
New Americans Collaborative of the Wilder Foundation to support citizenship instruction for Hmong refugees
in 2003 with Office of Refugee Resettlement funding. HCC thanks the New American Collaborative for its
important support for our Citizenship and Functional English program.

Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-
related information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The
citizenship section of the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100
sample citizenship exam questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also
provided about eligibility and requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

The Hmong Cultural Center is currently accepting enrollment for its citizenship and functional English
classes. There are openings in the English Language Citizenship Classes offered Monday through Thursday
from 10:00 AM to 12 Noon and those held Tuesday through Thursday 1:00-4:00 P.M.

Interested individuals may contact Tong Vang at the Hmong Cultural Center for enrollment information.
Phone: 651-917-9937.


The Hmong Cultural Center’s Dance Troupe performed a few weeks ago at the Mall of America. Looking for
some traditional Hmong culture to enliven your community event this Fall or Winter? The Hmong Cultural
Center’s Qeej (Traditional Hmong Music) and Traditional Dance troupes are available to perform for a fee.
Persons interested in scheduling performances may call Meng Vang (Qeej) or Yer Lo (Dance) at the cultural


The Resource Centre thanks its funding supporters. Our funders include the New York and Vermont-based
Freeman Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the Minnesota
Humanities Commission in cooperation with the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Minnesota
State Legislature, the 3M Foundation, the Medtronic Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation and our growing
community of member-supporters.