The work of the Hmong Resource Center is to provide information to Hmong and non-Hmong for the purpose of
promoting positive race relations, human rights, multicultural education, information about cross-cultural health and
medicine, teacher education, family literacy education and community-based research. We are the primary Hmong
and Asian American organization in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area that provides community outreach activities
related to multicultural education for the purposes of promoting positive race relations in the Twin Cities
community. The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through
Friday from 9 AM – 6 PM. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995
University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Online
Resource Center Catalog: or Walk-ins are welcome and there are
many displays to look at that teach about the Hmong people, their history, their culture and their experience in the
U.S. over the past 25 years. Larger group tours and educational sessions can be arranged in advance.


As part of its ongoing commitment to promote education about social justice issues as they affect Hmong
Americans and Hmong around the world, the Resource Center has recently established important new collections
of newspaper articles related to the Human Rights of Hmong residing in Southeast Asia and Race Relations
incidents involving Hmong Americans. All of the articles contained in these comprehensive collections are derived
from major national and international newspapers. The Human Rights collection contains hundreds of articles
describing the situation of Hmong in Southeast Asia from the mid-1970s to the present. The Race Relations
collection contains hundreds of articles documenting incidents of bias, hate crimes, and institutional discrimination
as well as local level race relations between Hmong and non-Hmong in Minnesota, California, Wisconsin and other
states. The Human Rights and Race Relations Collections are intended to promote in a meaningful way data
collection for researchers and community members working on social justice and advocacy initiatives pertaining to
Hmong residing overseas and in the United States.


Theses and Books

Hagstrom, Deirdre Abbey. (2003). Gifted Hmong Girls and Higher Education: Can They Maintain Traditional Hmong
Values as They Prepare for Non-Traditional Careers? M.A. Thesis, Minnesota State University, Mankato. Gifted
Hmong girls and women have felt pressure to maintain traditional Hmong customs of Laos while at the same time
desiring a college education and profession. This qualitative study involved five females: three high school
sophomores in Saint Paul, and two professional Hmong women who were married with children as high school
sophomores. The researcher observed that Hmong families supported gifted Hmong girls as long as they
continued traditional Hmong customs. The Hmong Resource Center thanks the author for donating this item to our

Hanson, Bella M. (2003). The Use of Literacy Events in the Workplace by Refugees of Hmong Heritage Coming
from an Oral Tradition. PhD Dissertation, Capella University. This study explores the use of literacy events at work
by two Hmong refugees, employed in two different companies. The issue researched was the impact of English
reading and writing skills on the workplace experience that may be problematic for refugees with limited English
proficiency coming from an oral tradition. The Hmong Resource Center thanks the author for her donation of this
item to our collections.

Moua, Teng. (2003). The Hmong Culture: Kinship, Marriage and Family Systems. M.S. Thesis, University of
Wisconsin-Stout. The purpose of this thesis study was to describe what has changed and what has remained the
same in the beliefs and practices related to Hmong kinship, marriage, and family systems of Hmong families from
different generations who have lived in the United States for varying lengths of time.

Powers, Steven R. (2003). Asian American Students’ Experiences of Secondary United States History Course
Work. M.A. Thesis, Hamline University. This study examines how Asian American students at a Saint Paul high
school describe their experiences of secondary United States history course work. The author assessed whether
Asian American students had similar or different experiences in learning U.S. history compared to those of non
Asian students in the majority group. The researcher also observed the extent to which course work affected Asian
American students descriptions of their experiences in U.S. history as well as the students’ experiences with
marginalization and discrimination and how these were perceived as well as described. The Hmong Resource
Center thanks the author for his donation of this work to our collections.

Yang, Manee. (2003). A Qualitative Study Examining the Effects of Polygyny on Hmong Individuals Who Had Been
Raised in Polygynous Households. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout. The purpose of this thesis research
was to qualitatively examine whether polygamy has an effect on Hmong individuals and what these effects may be
as reported by the study’s participants. The researcher conducted a survey in Hmong and English which served as
a framework for obtaining narratives from participants concerning their relationships with their fathers, mother,
fathers’ other wife, fathers’ other children, their view points on polygyny and advantages and disadvantages of
being raised in a polygynous household.

Academic Articles

Corlett, Jan L., Dean, Ellen A., and Louis E. Grivetti. (2003). “Hmong Gardens: Botanical Diversity in an Urban
Setting.” Economic Botany 57(3):365-379. In this study, the authors document 59 Hmong garden species grown at
a site in South Sacramento. Most of these species are documented in the Southeast Asian botanical literature as
either food or medicinal plants. Uses of the plants are discussed by the authors as is the importance of urban
gardens in maintaining Hmong cultural identity and practices.


Recent visitors to the Resource Center have included:

30 students from Professor James Hurd’s Multicultural Education course at Bethel College. The students learned
about Hmong culture and history and took part in an educational activity related to the Hmong American

Al Bliss of the La Crosse County (WI) Health Department and Chue Thao of the La Crosse Area Hmong Mutual
Assistance Association. Mr. Bliss and Mr. Thao received a tour of the center and provided information about their
work to prevent tobacco use among Hmong teens in the La Crosse area.

Zoua Vang of the Hmong Women’s Circle visited the center to find educational resources about the Hmong people
and their culture for use with her Hmong teen groups.

Linda Gensheimer of the Wilder Foundation’s Social Adjustment Program for Southeast Asians used the center’s
collections to put together a literature review of Hmong mental health related articles and dissertations.

Rukmin Callimachi of the Associated Press used the Resource Center to find information for a feature story she is
writing about the Hmong experience across the United States.


In collaboration with Hmong National Development in Washington D.C., the Resource Center has recently
contracted with Ms. Malay Thao who is compiling socioeconomic, educational and demographic 2000 census data
pertaining to the Hmong residing in the United States in a partnership with Resource Center staff. Ms. Thao comes
to the census project with impressive credentials. She holds an M.A. in Public Affairs from the Humphrey Institute at
the University of Minnesota as well as an B.A. in Sociology and English from the College of Saint Catherine. Ms.
Thao has served as a Partnership Specialist and Special Survey Technician with the U.S. Bureau of the Census,
Detroit Office. She has also served as Project Manager for the Hmong Breast and Cervical Cancer Project at
Hmong National Organization and has held internships at the Minnesota Department of Human Services, the Roy
Wilkins Center for Race Relations, the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy and the Jane Addams
School for Democratic Education.

The Hmong Census Project involves a collaboration between Hmong National Development, Inc. (Washington, DC)
the Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center (St. Paul, MN) and Hmong scholars from across the country
to look at the 2000 Census numbers and provide analysis of how the Hmong American community is doing in the
United States. This project will be the first detailed assessment of Hmong income, poverty status, percentage of
families and children in poverty, educational progress, gender and regional differences in socioeconomics and
education and demography across the major Hmong population centers of the United States using 2000 census
data. The results will be of significant interest to service providers, the academic community, funders and


The Hmong Resource Center is pleased to announce that the 2003 issue of the Hmong Studies Journal is now
available online:

The Hmong Studies Journal is a unique and established peer-reviewed Internet-based academic publication
devoted to the scholarly discussion of Hmong history, Hmong culture, Hmong people, and other facets of the
Hmong experience in the U.S., Asia and around the world. The Hmong Studies Journal has published 6 online
issues since 1996. The Hmong Studies Journal is the only peer-reviewed scholarly journal in the world devoted to
academic studies related to the Hmong diaspora and Hmong culture and history.

Articles in the 2003 issue include:

“Hmong Americans: A Review of Felt Needs, Problems, and Community Development” by Professor Kou Yang,
California State University, Stanislaus.

“The Hmong 'Dab Pog Couple' Story and its Significance in Arriving at an Understanding of Hmong Ritual” by
Professor Dia Cha, Saint Cloud State University.

“Hmong of Germany: Preliminary Report on the Resettlement of Lao Hmong Refugees in Germany” by Tou T.
Yang, Pharm.D.

“Migration of Hmong to Rochester, Minnesota: Life in the Midwest” by Professor Cathleen Jo Faruque, Winona
State University

“Contradictions in Learning how to be Thai: A Case Study of a Young Hmong Woman” by Tracy Pilar Johnson-
Messenger, Teachers College, Columbia University

The Hmong Resource Center thanks the Southeast Asian Archive of the University of California, Irvine for providing
server hosting space for the articles in the 2003 online issue of the journal. A PDF file reader is required to view
the articles.

500 copies of the 2003 issue will also be printed for dissemination to academic institutions, libraries and interested
community members with funding from the Asian Pacific Diversity Endowment Funds of the Saint Paul Foundation.
The Hmong Resource Center thanks the Saint Paul Foundation for its important support to the continued
development of the Hmong Studies Journal.


Hmong Cultural Center’s Qeej Troupe will take part in the 2003 Young Persons’ Concerts held throughout the
afternoon at the Janet Wallace Fine Arts Center at Macalester College on December 7. In collaboration with the
Qeej Troupe, Art Start and the Saint Paul Civic Symphony have created a new work for orchestra which celebrates
the Hmong story “Nine-in-One, Grr! Grr!” using original Hmong instruments. Children’s hands-on activities will also
be incorporated into the performances. For reservations call ArtStart at 651-698-2787 or 651-696-6189.

The Hmong Cultural Center’s Youth Arts programs have recently received a grant from the Medtronic/COMPAS
Arts Access Program. The Hmong Cultural Center thanks Medtronic and COMPAS for this generous support. The
Hmong Cultural Center’s Youth Arts Programs are supported by grants from the McKnight Foundation, the Best
Buy Children’s Foundation, the Grotto Foundation, the Metropolitan Regional Arts Council and the
COMPAS/Medtronic Arts Access Program. An operating grant from the Saint Paul Companies Inc. Foundation also
helps to support the youth programs.


Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-related
information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The citizenship section of
the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100 sample citizenship exam
questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also provided about eligibility and
requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

Hmong Cultural Center is a member of the federal and state funded Saint Paul Community Literacy Consortium


Funding supporters of the Hmong Resource Center include the New York and Vermont-based Freeman
Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK Foundation, the
Minnesota Humanities Commission in partnership with the Minnesota State Legislature and the National
Endowment for the Humanities as well as the MAP for Nonprofit’s Technology Partnership Fund supported by the
Saint Paul Companies, Inc. Foundation and the ADC Foundation.