Located in St. Paul, MN, the Hmong Cultural Center’s Resource Centre is one of the most comprehensive
centralized collections and lending libraries of Hmong-related books, PhD dissertations, indexed articles and Hmong
language literature in the United States. The collection also includes several exhibits of Hmong cultural artifacts.

The Hmong Resource Centre of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 10 AM
– 6 PM. Most of the items in the Resource Centre may be checked out with a photo i.d. for a period of one week. A
photocopier is also available on site.

The Hmong Resource Centre is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University Avenue, Suite 214
in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Website:


Groups to tour the Hmong Resource Centre in the past month or so have included members of a Hmong student
organization from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay and a group of educational and law enforcement
professionals brought in by Krystal Vujongyia of the University of Minnesota’s Ramsey County Extensive Service

The Resource Centre was also very privileged to have Anne Frank, Librarian of the Southeast Asian Archive,
University of California, Irvine visit our collections in May. The Southeast Asian Archive is a comprehensive collection
of Hmong, Vietnamese, Lao, Cambodian, and Iu-Mien-related research materials and artifacts located in Orange
County, California.

Educational orientation activity sessions related to Hmong-related resources and Hmong history and culture are
available for interested groups. To schedule a group visit, please call the Hmong Cultural Center at 651-917-9937.


“Annotated Bibliography of Hmong-Related Works: 1996-2001" compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, the director of the
Hmong Resource Centre is a 44-Page fully annotated bibliography of Hmong-related works published between 1996
and 2001. This volume is the first annotated bibliography of Hmong-related works published in more than 5 years.
Full reference information and descriptive summaries are provided for 294 Hmong-related works. Works are
organized into topical subcategories including Dictionaries, Bibliographies and Reference Works; Hmong in Asia;
Hmong Culture; The War in Laos and Refugee Resettlement Issues; Hmong Families, Parenting and Gender Roles;
Settlement Patterns and Socioeconomic Incorporation; Cultural Adaptation; Race Relations, The Law, and Political
Incorporation; Literacy and Educational Adaptation; Physical and Mental Health; Personal Narratives of Hmong
Americans; Juvenile Literature and Curriculum Materials for Teachers; Fiction; Videos and Internet Resources.
Information about ordering this new bibliography is available at


The programs of the Hmong Resource Centre and the Hmong Cultural Center were the subjects of a front-page
feature article in the June 1, 2002 edition of the Hmong Times newspaper. The online version of the article is at: http:



Corlett, JL; Clegg, MS; Keen, CL; and Grivetti, LE (2002). “Mineral content of culinary and medicinal plants cultivated
by Hmong refugees living in Sacramento, California.” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 53(2): 117-
128. Summary: In this study, culinary and medicinal herbs grown by Hmong refugees in Sacramento, California were
identified and analyzed. The herbs grown in these urban gardens were significant ingredients of Hmong recipes, and
herb leaves, or infusions of steamed herb leaves were widely consumed as a component of pregnancy and post-
partum diets. Plants grown by Hmong analyzed in the paper include Fishwort (Houttuynia Cordata), Pennywort
(Hydrocotyle Javanica), Aquatic sword grass (Acorus Gramineus) and Velvet plant (Crassocephalum Credpidiodes)
as well as several others. The authors discuss the mineral content and specific uses of the plants by Hmong in

Franzoi, SL and Chang, Z. (2002). “The body esteem of Hmong and Caucasian young adults.” Psychology of
Women Quarterly 26(1): 89-91. This study investigated race and gender differences in feelings of body esteem
among 73 Hmong American and 80 Caucasian American college students. Racial differences were found only
among the women, with Hmong women holding more positive attitudes toward weight concerning body items and
expressing less interest in changing these body items than Caucasian women. There were no gender differences
among the Hmong, and the gender differences among Caucasians involved weight concern. Increased body mass
was correlated with negative body attitudes among Caucasian and Hmong women and among Hmong men, whereas
increased body mass was correlated with positive upper-body attitudes among Caucasian men.

Ishida, T; Takao, S; Settheetham-Ishida, W. and Tiwawech, D. (2002). “Prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus
infection in rural ethnic populations of Northern Thailand.” Journal of Clinical Virology 24: 31-35. The prevalence of
HBV and HCV infection in Thai ethnic minorities (including Hmong) was investigated. The authors observed that HBV
was a more common infectious agent found in these populations than HCV. The prevalence of HBV infection was
different by ethnic group but not by sex. In contrast, the prevalence of HCV infection was not different by tribe but by
sex (males were infected more than females). The present study showed that HBV and HCV infection are widely
spread in rural ethnic populations of northern Thailand. Thus, the authors posit that a nationwide but community-
based epidemiological survey is required for the public health planning to control the related serious diseases
among populations in this region of Thailand.

Irving, L.M., Wall, M., Neumark-Sztainer D., and M. Story. (2002). “Steroid Use Among Adolescents: Findings From
Project EAT.” Journal of Adolescent Health 30: 243-252. A study of 4746 Middle and High School students from the
Saint Paul/Minneapolis Public Schools who completed surveys and anthropometric measurements as part of a
population-based study of eating patterns, weight concerns, and steroid use among teenagers. The researchers
found that steroid use was more common in males (5.4% vs. 2.9% of females), non-Caucasians (especially Hmong)
and in middle school students. Steroid use was associated with poorer self-esteem and higher rates of depressed
mood and attempted suicide, poorer knowledge and attitudes about health, greater participation in sports that
emphasize weight and shape, greater parental concern about weight, and higher rates of disordered eating and
substance abuse.

Pfeifer, M.E. “Hmong-Related Research: Past, Present, and Future Directions.” Paper Presented at the Hmong
National Conference, Milwaukee, WI April 15, 2002. A temporal overview of the concerns of Hmong-related
scholarship from the early 19th century to the present. The work discusses the major scholars and most prevalent
themes associated with the Hmong-related literature produced in the Western world in the past 200 years. The
paper may be viewed and downloaded at:

Hones, D.F. (2001). “The Word: Religion and Literacy in the Life of a Hmong American.” Religious Education 96(4):
489-509. A narrative study involving an adult Hmong refugee, his family and his community in Michigan. The article
examines the connections between religion, language, and culture in a Hmong family. The author documents the
ways in which conversion to Christianity has brought changes to Hmong clan and family relationships, as
traditionalists become divided from practitioners of the “new religion.”

“An American Hero: The exclusive story of how an American farmer has devoted his life to a one- man crusade for
freedom and democracy in war-torn, Communist-infiltrated Laos.” The Saturday Evening Post, June 2, 1962 pp. 15-
20 and June 9, 1962, pp. 91-94. A 2-part magazine feature article from the early 1960s about the work of Edgar
“Pop” Buell with Hmong communities in Laos. Buell was an official of the U.S. Agency for International Development.
He worked closely with Hmong army officials in building the U.S.-Hmong relationship during the “Secret War” in Laos.
The article includes several photos of Buell with Hmong in Laos in the late 1950s and early 1960s.


Mus Xyuas Teb Chaws Los Tsuas Xyoo 2002: Luangphabang, Vientiane, Xam Neoi (2002). A Hmong language
video featuring highlights of the Hmong New Year as celebrated in locations throughout Laos.

Nuj Nplhaib and Ntxawm (2001). A 3 part popular Hmong language video serial based on a folktale.


Extensive Citizenship-related information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at www.hmongcenter.
org/ The citizenship section of the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100
sample citizenship exam questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also
provided about eligibility and requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

The Hmong Cultural Center is currently accepting enrollment for its citizenship and functional English classes. There
are openings in the English Language Citizenship Classes offered Monday through Thursday from 10:00 AM to 12
Noon and those held Tuesday through Thursday 1:00-4:00 P.M.

Please contact Tong Vang at the Hmong Cultural Center for further information related to the Citizenship program.
Phone: 651-917-9937.


Looking for some traditional Hmong culture to enhance a community function this summer? The Hmong Cultural
Center’s Qeej (Traditional Hmong Music) and Traditional Dance troupes are available to perform for a fee. Persons
interested in scheduling performances may call Meng Vang (Qeej) or Yer Lo (Dance) at the cultural center.


The Resource Centre thanks its funding supporters. Our funders include the New York and Vermont-based
Freeman Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the Minnesota Humanities
Commission in cooperation with the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Minnesota State Legislature, the
3M Foundation, the Medtronic Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation and our growing community of member-