Located in St. Paul, MN, the Hmong Cultural Center’s Resource Centre is one of the most comprehensive
centralized collections and lending libraries of Hmong-related books, PhD dissertations, indexed articles and
Hmong language literature in the United States. The collection also includes several exhibits of Hmong cultural

The Hmong Resource Centre of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from
10 AM – 6 PM. Most of the items in the Resource Centre may be checked out with a photo i.d. for a period of
one week. A photocopier is also available on site.

The Hmong Resource Centre is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University Avenue, Suite
214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Website:


The 3M Foundation has recently announced that it will make a $5,000 contribution to the Hmong Cultural
Center for the Resource Centre in 2002. We would like to extend our gratitude to the 3M Foundation for its
important support of our mission of promoting cross-cultural awareness and understanding among and
between Hmong and non-Hmong.

Other funding supporters of the Resource Centre include the New York and Vermont-based Freeman
Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the Minnesota Humanities
Commission in cooperation with the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Minnesota State
Legislature, the Medtronic Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation and our growing community of member-


The Resource Centre has recently received an extensive makeover with all new shelving. If you haven’t visited
for awhile, please stop in and take a look at our continuously expanding collections.


Groups to tour the Hmong Resource Centre in the past month or so have included:

Professor Gerald Fry and a group of about 15 PhD students from the Department of Educational Policy and
Administration at the University of Minnesota. Professor Fry has researched and written extensively about
education in Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam.

Professor Sally Hunter and 14 graduate students from a Multicultural Education class at the School of
Education at the University of Saint Thomas.

The Resource Centre was also very privileged to have Professor Dia Cha of the Department of Ethnic Studies
at Saint Cloud State University recently visit and utilize our collections. Professor Cha is an author and scholar
who has written several works related to Hmong folktales, storycloths, religion, traditional medicine and the
Hmong refugee experience.

Educational orientation activity sessions related to Hmong-related resources and Hmong history and culture
are available for interested groups. To schedule a group visit, please call Mark Pfeifer at the Hmong Cultural
Center - 651-917-9937.


The Hmong Resource Centre of the Hmong Cultural Center in St. Paul, MN invites applications for its 2002
Research Library Travel Grant program. With the dual goals of promoting scholarship in Hmong Studies and
facilitating broader access to its unique collections, the Resource Centre will be providing travel grants to four
(4) students/scholars for the purpose of conducting research using the Resource Centre’s extensive
collections of Hmong-related books, PhD dissertations, MA Theses, academic and newspaper articles as well
as Hmong language literature related to Hmong culture and history.

Two (2) travel grants of $300 to visit the Resource Centre will be provided to students/scholars who reside
greater than 500 miles from Saint Paul, MN. In addition, Two (2) travel grants of $150 to visit the Resource
Centre will be made to Students/Scholars residing more than 100 miles from St. Paul in the Midwest region in
such states as Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, or Iowa. The grants will be made for travel to visit the Resource
Centre prior to Dec. 31, 2002. Selected grant recipients will receive the travel grants following the presentation
of travel receipts after their arrival in St. Paul, MN for research at the Resource Centre.

Applicants must provide the following: a 500 word research proposal statement about how the Hmong
Resource Centre collection would be useful for their research, a letter of support from a professor at their
university of study/research as well as a curriculum vitae or resume. It is suggested that travel grant applicants
visit the Resource Centre collection catalog on the Hmong Cultural Center website (
and provide examples in their research proposal statements of specific books and materials in the collections
that would be useful for their research projects. Applications should be mailed to Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD,
Director, Hmong Resource Centre, Hmong Cultural Center, 995 University Avenue, Suite 214 Saint Paul, MN
55104 by August 30, 2002 for consideration. For further information please call 651-917-9937 or e-mail


“Annotated Bibliography of Hmong-Related Works: 1996-2001" compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, the director
of the Hmong Resource Centre is a 44-Page fully annotated bibliography of Hmong-related works published
between 1996 and 2001. This volume is the first annotated bibliography of Hmong-related works published in
more than 5 years. Full reference information and descriptive summaries are provided for 294 Hmong-related
works. Works are organized into topical subcategories including Dictionaries, Bibliographies and Reference
Works; Hmong in Asia; Hmong Culture; The War in Laos and Refugee Resettlement Issues; Hmong Families,
Parenting and Gender Roles; Settlement Patterns and Socioeconomic Incorporation; Cultural Adaptation;
Race Relations, The Law, and Political Incorporation; Literacy and Educational Adaptation; Physical and
Mental Health; Personal Narratives of Hmong Americans; Juvenile Literature and Curriculum Materials for
Teachers; Fiction; Videos and Internet Resources. Information about ordering this new bibliography is
available at


Academic Theses and Dissertations

Xiong, G. (2001). Knowledge, utilization, and perceptions of shamanism and Western counseling or
psychotherapy by the various Hmong subgenerational groups and religious beliefs. MA Thesis, California
State University, Fresno. This MA study examines the perceptions, utilization, and understanding of traditional
Hmong shamanism and Western counseling or psychotherapy by the various Hmong subgenerational and
religious groups in Fresno, California. A total of 182 participants participated. Results indicated significant
differences between Hmong religious and subgenerational groups in terms of their understanding of Western
counseling or psychotherapy, utilization of traditional shamanism or Western counseling or psychotherapy,
and perceptions of self-healing after seeking a shaman.

Truong, T.T. (2001). Hmong and Vietnamese women's perception of domestic violence: An exploratory study.
MSW Thesis, California State University, Fresno. This work is a study of the perceptions of Hmong and
Vietnamese women in Fresno County, California related to domestic violence, with a focus on intimate partner
abuse. The study examines domestic violence based on the life experiences and cultural belief systems of the
interview subjects. In this research, the women provided their own definitions of abuse in an intimate
relationship. The study results show there are different perceptions of the reasons for domestic violence
related to the participants' ages. Older women in the study discussed the traditional gender roles for women
whereas younger women talked about the significance of having experienced abuse while growing up. Hmong
women were more likely to seek help from their family and clan leaders while Vietnamese women were more
likely to seek help from the police. This study shows the need for social workers to understand different
cultural values and beliefs related to domestic violence in ethnically diverse communities in order to provide
culturally competent services.

Ly, C.T.J. (2001). Dab Neeg: Narratives of Hmong refugees. MA Thesis, California State University, Fresno.
This thesis traces the development of oral narratives among Hmong residing in California. The researcher
claims that traditional literary analysis is of limited utility in understanding an oral tradition and its literature.
The author believes that such a narrow conception of literary texts and analyses also forces the observer to
leave out other significant cultural texts and the social and ethical visions these might offer. The author’s aim is
to transcend the narrow goals of traditional literary analysis and analyze Hmong oral traditions as
“performative projects” with special attention given to the social contexts within which the narratives are

Academic Articles

Goodkind, J.R. and P.G. Foster-Fishman. (2002). “Integrating Diversity and Fostering Interdependence:
Ecological Lessons Learned About Refugee Participation in Multiethnic Communities.” Journal of Community
Psychology 30(4): 389-409. The purpose of this study was to understand the community participation
experiences of 54 Hmong refugees living in multiethnic housing developments in Lansing, Michigan. Interviews
revealed that while Hmong residents valued participation highly, most were excluded from meaningful avenues
of participation because of multiple barriers, including language differences, time constraints, and
discrimination. In assessing their findings, the authors argue that it is important to understand and build
individuals’ capacities to participate and communities’ capacities to promote involvement, integrate diversity,
and foster interdependence.

Videos and Audiocassettes

Kev Yos Hav Zoov: Cuab Yij, Cuab Ntses, thiab Noog Da Dej. Hmong language video with information about
traditional Hmong hunting practices.

Yos Hav Zoov Tua Tshiaj. Hmong language video about traditional hunting and farming in Laos.

Lis Txais. Audio Cassette featuring traditional Hmong musical instruments and songs including Raj Nplaim, Raj
Nkauj Nog, Raj Hliav Ncauj and Qwv Nplooj.


Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-
related information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The citizenship
section of the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100 sample
citizenship exam questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also provided
about eligibility and requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

The Hmong Cultural Center is currently accepting enrollment for its citizenship and functional English classes.
There are openings in the English Language Citizenship Classes offered Monday through Thursday from 10:
00 AM to 12 Noon and those held Tuesday through Thursday 1:00-4:00 P.M.

Please contact Tong Vang at the Hmong Cultural Center for further information related to the Citizenship
program. Phone: 651-917-9937.


Looking for some traditional Hmong culture to enhance a community function this summer? HCC’s Qeej
Musicians performed as part of the Day of Music event sponsored by Marshall Fields at Orchestra Hall in
Minneapolis on July 12. The Dance and Qeej troupes performed July 17 at Breck School in Minneapolis. The
Hmong Cultural Center’s Qeej (Traditional Hmong Music) and Traditional Dance troupes are also available to
perform at your event for a fee. Persons interested in scheduling performances may call Meng Vang (Qeej) or
Yer Lo (Dance) at the cultural center.