The work of the Hmong Resource Center is to provide information to Hmong and non-Hmong for the purpose of
promoting positive race relations, human rights, multicultural education, information about cross-cultural health
and medicine, teacher education, family literacy education and community-based research.

The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9
AM – 6 PM. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University
Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Online Resource
Center Catalog: or Walk-ins are welcome and there are many
displays to look at that teach about the Hmong people, their history, their culture and their experience in the U.
S. over the past 25 years. Larger group tours and educational sessions can be arranged in advance.


Theses and Books

Keown-Bomar, Julie Anne. (2003). Relative abilities: Hmong-American kinship in Wisconsin. PhD Dissertation,
University of Minnesota. This PhD study shows how through kinship networks and family strategies, Hmong-
American refugees create continuity and adapt to new situations. In particular, the author discusses how
gender and generation have a bearing on Hmong people's perspectives and experiences in relation to kinship.

Scott, Cheryl Lynn. (2002). Understanding gang rape and forced prostitution: A victim's perspective. PhD
Dissertation, Alliant International University, Fresno. This qualitative interview-based study examines the
experiences and perspectives of several Hmong-origin victims of gang rape and forced prostitution in a
California community.

Academic Articles

University of Wisconsin Extension and Applied Population Laboratory. (2003). “Hmong Chartbook: Wisconsin’s
Hmong Population Census 2000 Population and other Demographic Trends.” Report prepared for University of
Wisconsin Educational Needs Assessment. This report includes data and charts pertaining to population
trends, age and gender distribution, household size and structure, education, income, poverty level, labor force
participation, housing, and birth trends of the Hmong population in Wisconsin using 2000 census data. The
report also includes maps of the Hmong population in counties across Wisconsin.


Recent visitors to the Resource Center have included:

Chao Lee and Dr. Gale Mason-Chagil used the Resource Center’s collections to prepare for an anthropology
class at Metropolitan State University to be offered in the Spring 2003 Semester - New Neighbors: The U.S.
Hmong Community.

Dr. Robert Holst, President of Concordia University, Saint Paul and Dr. Cheryl Chatman, Executive Vice
President and Dean of Diversity at Concordia University visited to learn more about the Hmong Studies
scholarly collections in the Hmong Resource Center and the community outreach work of the Hmong Cultural
Center and the Hmong Resource Center.

Karl Gehrke, Nick Keane, and Sean Jones, education students at Hamline University, visited the Resource
Center to obtain information about working with Hmong students and families as future teachers in Minnesota

Pang Houa Moua, a student at Brown University in Rhode Island, used the Resource Center to find information
about the history of the Hmong Veteran’s Naturalization Act legislation for her thesis research.


The Freeman Foundation of New York and Vermont has committed a major grant to the Hmong Resource
Center in 2004. The Freeman Foundation supports many Asian Studies education programs in the United
States and overseas. The Hmong Resource Center extends its strong gratitude to the Freeman Foundation for
its generous support of our multicultural education programs for another year.

It has recently been announced that the Hmong Cultural Center has received the 3M Foundation/COMPAS
Award for Innovation in the Arts in 2004. This grant will be used by the Resource Center and the Cultural
Center to develop an interactive multicultural arts education webpage that will teach Hmong and non-Hmong
about Hmong music, folksongs, folktales and embroidery. The Hmong Cultural Center thanks the 3M
Foundation and COMPAS for its support of this exciting new initiative.


2003 was a very successful year for the Hmong Resource Center. 1,524 persons visited the Resource Center
over the year compared to 1,050 in 2002. These users constituted a very diverse group. 62% were Hmong and
38% were non-Hmong. Further demonstrating the considerable diversity of the center’s user population, 535 or
about 1/3 of the users were affiliated with colleges or universities while significant numbers of other visitors were
high school students, professionals and Hmong and non-Hmong parents, families and community members.
Showing the uniqueness of the institution in the Upper Midwest, 20% of users visited from outside of the Twin
Cities area. In 2003, users checked out 1,031 items using the center’s new automated checkout system
compared to 295 in all of 2003. In addition, 67,953 persons visited the Hmong Cultural Center’s multicultural
education resource website in 2003.


The Hmong Census Project involves a collaboration between Hmong National Development, Inc. (Washington,
DC) the Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center (St. Paul, MN) and Hmong scholars from across the
country to look at the 2000 Census numbers and provide analysis of how the Hmong American community is
doing in the United States. This project will be the first detailed assessment of Hmong income, poverty status,
percentage of families and children in poverty, educational progress, gender and regional differences in
socioeconomics and education and demography across the major Hmong population centers and individual
states of the U.S. using 2000 census data. The results will be of significant interest to service providers, the
academic community, funders and policymakers. Results will be published and disseminated in a report in
Spring 2004.


As part of its ongoing commitment to promote education about social justice issues as they affect Hmong
Americans and Hmong around the world, the Resource Center has recently established important new
collections of newspaper articles related to the Human Rights of Hmong residing in Southeast Asia and Race
Relations incidents involving Hmong Americans. All of the articles contained in these comprehensive collections
are derived from major national and international newspapers. The Human Rights collection contains hundreds
of articles describing the situation of Hmong in Southeast Asia from the mid-1970s to the present. The Race
Relations collection contains hundreds of articles documenting incidents of bias, hate crimes, and institutional
discrimination as well as local level race relations between Hmong and non-Hmong in Minnesota, California,
Wisconsin and other states. The Human Rights and Race Relations Collections are intended to promote in a
meaningful way data collection for researchers and community members working on social justice and advocacy
initiatives pertaining to Hmong residing overseas and in the United States.


The Hmong Cultural Center’s Qeej Musical Instrument program has recently received a grant from the
Metropolitan Regional Arts Council’s Capital Grant Program. This grant will allow the Hmong Cultural Center to
buy 20 Qeej Instruments in 2004 for usage by Hmong children at the center whose families cannot afford the
expensive cost of buying a Qeej for instruction purposes. The Hmong Cultural Center thanks MRAC for this
generous support. The Metropolitan Regional Arts Council’s funding is supported by an appropriation from the
Minnesota State Legislature. The Hmong Cultural Center’s Youth Arts Programs are also supported by grants
from the McKnight Foundation, the Best Buy Children’s Foundation, the Grotto Foundation, the Metropolitan
Regional Arts Council and the COMPAS/Medtronic Arts Access Program. An operating grant from the Saint
Paul Companies Inc. Foundation also helps to support the youth programs.


Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-related
information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The citizenship section
of the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100 sample citizenship
exam questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also provided about
eligibility and requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

Hmong Cultural Center is a member of the federal and state funded Saint Paul Community Literacy Consortium


Funding supporters of the Hmong Resource Center include the New York and Vermont-based Freeman
Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation, the Minnesota Humanities Commission in
partnership with the Minnesota State Legislature and the National Endowment for the Humanities as well as the
MAP for Nonprofit’s Technology Partnership Fund supported by the Saint Paul Companies, Inc. Foundation and
the ADC Foundation.