The mission of the Hmong Resource Center is to promote cross-cultural awareness and understanding between
Hmong and non-Hmong though multicultural education.

The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9
AM – 6 PM. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at 995 University
Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Online Resource
Center Catalog: or


Theses and Books

Buenaflor, Manuelita B. (2003). Does Awareness of Spiritual Belief Enable a Juvenile in Counseling to Make
Changes in Behavior? PhD Dissertation, Union Institute and University. This work presents a study of a total of 13
Hmong, Lao, Vietnamese, and Cambodian youths residing in the Philadelphia area who were in trouble with the
law. The author was interested in the potential role of spiritual beliefs in helping alleviate delinquent behavior
among Southeast Asian youth. The researcher observed that most of the youth expressed that their own spiritual
beliefs could be an instrument in motivating them to change their behavior. Importantly, spirituality among the
research subjects went beyond a specific belief system and included traditional cultural practices. For several of
the respondents, spirituality meant participating in religious ceremonies, which helped tie them to their ethnic
community and gave them a sense of belonging and security.

Lee, Justin Txoojntxawg. (2003). Access to Healthcare Services in Fresno County, California by the Hmong.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno. This thesis is a study of barriers and perceived barriers that
prevent Hmong in Fresno from accessing Western healthcare services. The author observed that the problems
Hmong continue to confront in accessing healthcare services in Fresno are multiple. They include: the language
barrier, cultural differences, lack of financial resources and systemic barriers in the health care system.

Paj Ntaub Voice. (2003). “Art and Religion in Our Living Culture.” Volume 8(2) and Volume 9(1). Latest issue of a
Hmong literary journal. Articles, short stories, poetry, sketch drawings and photographs revolve around the theme
of Art and Religion in Hmong Culture. The volume includes an opening article by Dr. Dia Cha titled: “The Sacred
and the Secular: An Examination of the Relationship Between Hmong Traditional Art and Religion.” The Hmong
Resource Center thanks Mai Neng Moua of Paj Ntaub Voice and the Hmong American Institute for Learning for
donating this item to our collections.

Goodkind, Jessica Rose. (2002). Promoting Refugee Well-being: A Community-Based Advocacy and Learning
Intervention. PhD Dissertation, Michigan State University. This PhD study presents an evaluation of the Refugee
Well-Being project, an initiative that was developed to promote the quality of life and community empowerment of
Hmong refugee adults residing in Lansing, Michigan. In this project Hmong residents were matched with
undergraduate college students. The project had two major elements: an educational component, which involved
cultural exchange, opportunities to address community issues collectively, and one-on-one learning opportunities
for Hmong adults as well as an advocacy component which involved students advocating for and transferring
advocacy skills to Hmong families to increase their access to resources in their communities.


Recent visitors to the Resource Center have included:

11 students and faculty from the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota. They were accompanied
by Sally Brown of the Wilder Foundation and Tait Danielson of the District 7 Council in Saint Paul. This visiting
group received a tour of the Resource Center and participated in an educational activity in which they received
an introduction to Hmong history and culture.

Jenny Su, a student in the Dept. of Psychology at the University of Minnesota used the Resource Center to find
resources for a literature review related to Hmong mental health.

Educational orientation activity sessions related to Hmong-related resources and Hmong history and culture are
available for interested groups. To schedule a group visit, please call the Hmong Cultural Center at 651-917-


With the dual goals of promoting scholarship in Hmong Studies and facilitating broader access to its unique
collections, the Hmong Resource Center will award travel grants to visit Saint Paul in the Fall Semester of 2003 to
Hmong Studies students and scholars for the purpose of conducting research using the Resource Center’s
extensive collections of Hmong-related books, PhD dissertations, MA Theses, academic and newspaper articles
as well as Hmong language literature related to Hmong culture and history. The Hmong Resource Center
collections include about 300 Hmong-related books and periodicals, 125 Hmong-related theses and dissertations,
about 500 Hmong-related academic journal articles, over 2000 Hmong-related newspaper articles and around
125 videos. The Resource Center travel grant program awards travel grants of $300 to students and scholars
residing more than 500 miles from Saint Paul and $150 to students and scholars living in the Midwest region more
than 100 miles from the Twin Cities.

The 2003 Resource Center Travel Grant Recipients include:

Mr. Guo Wu, a PhD Candidate in the Department of History at the State University of New York at Albany. Mr. Wu
holds a B.A. in English Literature from Beijing Language and Culture University in China and an M.A. in Modern
Chinese History from Georgia State University. In the Fall of 2003, Mr. Wu will be using the Hmong Resource
Center's collections in Saint Paul to research Hmong history and Hmong cultural practices in Southwest China.
Mr. Wu is a native of Guizhou province, China, which is home to a large Hmong ethnic population. Mr. Wu's PhD
Dissertation at SUNY-Albany is focused upon the Hmong response to Christian missionaries in the Guizhou
province town of Shimenkan in the 1870-1950 period. Among the range of issues he is investigating in his
research are the ways Christianity was received by local Hmong in the town, how Christianity was reconciled with
Hmong Shamanism and folk beliefs, and how Hmong who chose to convert redefined their identity as Christians.

Pa Nhia Yang, a student in the College of Human Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In addition to
her studies, Ms. Yang has worked as a project assistant on the Madison Childrens Museum's upcoming Hmong at
Heart Exhibit. Ms. Yang will use the Resource Center collections in the Fall of 2003 to develop a literature review
for a research project related to the social adjustment experiences of Hmong-American girls as they balance the
normative demands of American youth culture along with the standard gender roles associated with Hmong

To learn more about the 2003 Hmong Resource Center travel grant recipients visit the following link: http://www.


The Hmong Resource Center is pleased to announce the availability of a unique resource at its Saint Paul offices
that will be of considerable interest to researchers, service professionals and community members looking for
socioeconomic and demographic census data pertaining to the Southeast Asian community. The Southeast Asian
American Census Depository provides quick access to researchers of population, socioeconomic, education, and
demographic 2000 census data for Hmong, Cambodian, Lao and Vietnamese in Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Minneapolis, St. Paul, suburban communities, the entire Twin Cities metropolitan area and the U.S. as a whole.

Data available in the census depository include Labor Force Status, Occupational and Industry Distribution,
Median Household Income, Median Family Income, Poverty Status, Educational Attainment, Age Distribution,
Homeownership and Income Distribution. Data breakdowns for most of these variables are also available by
gender and special tabulations may be requested by visitors for more finite geographic areas including
neighborhood census tracts.

The Southeast Asian American Census Depository is located in the offices of the Hmong Resource Center at the
Hmong Cultural Center. Those persons with questions about using the Southeast Asian Census American
Census Depository may contact Mark Pfeifer at the Hmong Resource Center.


The Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center (St. Paul, MN) is collaborating with Hmong National
Development (Washington D.C.) and Hmong scholars from across the country to look at the 2000 Census
numbers and provide analysis of how the Hmong American community is doing in the United States. This project
will be the first detailed assessment of Hmong socioeconomic status, educational progress and demography
across the regions of the United States using 2000 census data. The results will be of significant interest to
service providers, the academic community, funders and policymakers.

We seek an intern for Fall 2003 to work with this project. The intern will help collect and analyze the data and
create tables and charts. They will be placed at the Hmong Cultural Center in St. Paul, MN. A stipend is available
for the internship. A report of the findings will be published at the end of the project. More information about this
internship opportunity is available at:


Hmong Cultural Center recently started a Paj Ntaub (Hmong Story Blanket) Cultural Mentorship program
providing small group instruction in traditional Hmong embroidery to children and youth. This is the only program
of its kind currently offered in the Hmong community of the Twin Cities. Enrollment is still continuing for the
program. The program runs Monday and Tuesday afternoons from 4 to 6 PM at the cultural center. Please call
TxongPao Lee or Mark Pfeifer at 651-917-9937 for more information.

Looking for some traditional Hmong culture to enliven your community event this Summer or Fall? The Hmong
Cultural Center’s Qeej (Traditional Hmong Music) Troupe is available to perform for a fee. Persons interested in
scheduling performances may call Meng Vang at 651-917-9937.

The Hmong Cultural Center’s Youth Arts Programs are supported by grants from the McKnight Foundation, the
Best Buy Children’s Foundation, the Grotto Foundation, the Metropolitan Regional Arts Council and the
COMPAS/Medtronic Community Arts Program. Operating grants from the Saint Paul Companies Inc. Foundation
and the General Mills Foundation also help to support the youth programs.


Hmong Cultural Center is currently looking for a part-time Citizenship Instructor. Details about this opportunity are
available at:

Need information about the citizenship process, study guides or application forms? Extensive citizenship-related
information is available on the Hmong Cultural Center website at The citizenship section of
the website includes examples of typical citizenship interview questions, as well as 100 sample citizenship exam
questions in both the English and Hmong languages. Up-to-date information is also provided about eligibility and
requirements pertaining to the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 2000.

Hmong Cultural Center is a member of the federal and state funded Saint Paul Community Literacy Consortium


Funding supporters of the Hmong Resource Center include the New York and Vermont-based Freeman
Foundation, the Bush Foundation, the 3M Foundation, the Marbrook Foundation, the Pinewood Trust of the HRK
Foundation, the Minnesota Humanities Commission in partnership with the Minnesota State Legislature and the
National Endowment for the Humanities as well as the MAP for Nonprofit’s Technology Partnership Fund
supported by the Saint Paul Companies, Inc. Foundation and the ADC Foundation.